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【BC】Is your child a critical thinker? (6 tips) | 你的孩子是一個批...

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Is your child a critical thinker? (6 tips)
你的孩子是一個批判性思維者嗎?

Critical thinking skills are skills that children (and adults) need to learn to be able to solve problems. This includes analyzing and evaluating information that is provided,whether that information is through observation, experience or communication. The core of critical thinking is being responsive to information and not just accepting it. Questioning is the most important part of critical thinking. Itis a part of scientific, mathematical, historical, economic and philosophicalthinking, all of which are necessary for the future development of our society.

批判式思維是小孩(以及成人)學會解決問題的一種技巧。這就包括分析已經得到的信息,不論這些信息是通過觀察,實驗或是交流得到的。批判式思維的關鍵就是不單純的接收得到的信息。提問是批判式思維最重要的部分。它是科學,數學,歷史,經濟以及哲學思考的一部分,也是我們未來社會發展的必需品。



However, critical thinking is not a skill that a child should learn only in school, but also at  home. Here are a few ways to teach critical thinking that can be used as a parent.

然而,小朋友不僅僅要在學校里學習批判式思維,同時也要在家里進行鍛煉。下面的幾種方式可以幫助家長鍛煉批判式思維。



(1)Observe and draw conclusions |  觀察以及給出結論
  • When children begin to make detailed observations about objects or information, they are then able to draw conclusions or make judgments based on those observations.
  • When a child asks the question"Why?," respond with "Why do you think?" to encourage the child to draw his or her own conclusions.
  • This is the beginning of scientific observation skills that will be useful and necessary throughout life.
  • 當小朋友開始詳細講出他們的觀察或者得到的信息時,他們可以基于自己的觀察得出結論或是做出評價。
  • 當一個小朋友問為什么?你應該回答“為什么你會這么想呢?”去鼓勵孩子得出自己的結論
  • 這是科學觀察技巧的開始。



(2) Compare and contrast items and topics | 比較以及對比不同的事物和主題
  • This allows children to tell the ways things are similar and different and helps them analyze and categorize information.
  • A simple example of this activity is to have children compare and contrast an apple and an orange. Allow them to describe all theways they are similar and different.
  • 這可以教會小朋友去比較相似或是不同的事物,可以幫助他們分析以及分類他們所得到的信息。
  • 舉一個簡單的例子就是讓小朋友比較蘋果和橘子。讓他們列舉出兩種水果的相同和不通點。



(3)Discuss and analyze stories | 討論和分析故事
  • Have children "retell" a story you have read in their own words. This encourages them to summarize the main ideas of the story instead of just responding to specific questions with facts.
  • Ask questions that do not have direct answers in the story. This makes the children infer and draw their own conclusions based on their understanding of the story. An example of this would be to ask "What do you think the author meant when...?" or "Why do you think the character...?".
  • 讓小朋友復述你講過的故事或是話。這樣可以激勵他們總結故事的中心思想而不是單純的回答你所提出的問題。
  • 問一些沒有故事中沒有明顯答案的問題。這可以使他們用自己的理解去回答問題,像是“你認為作者當。。。的時候想表達什么意思?”或是“你為什么覺得這個角色。。。?”



(4)Learn cooperatively | 合作式學習
  • Providing cooperative learning opportunities will help children develop critical thinking skills as they share ideas and learn from each another.
  • Encourage children to read stories together and share their evaluations of the story. This can spark a healthy debate with older children, in which they must defend their opinions.
  • 提供合作學習的機會可以幫助小朋友提升批判式思維思考的技巧,這樣他們可以分享的自己想法以及互相學習。
  • 鼓勵小朋友一起讀書,然后分享自己對故事的見解。這樣可以讓他們跟年齡大一點的孩子辯論,然后他們必須捍衛自己的觀點。



(5)Provide stories without conclusions | 提供一個沒有結局的故事
  • Telling a story without an ending and asking the children to finish the story is another way to encourage critical thinking skills such as synthesis. The children must take the information from the story and creatively compile it, draw conclusions and come up with their own ending.
  • This can also be done by asking a child "What do you think happened next?" on a familiar story that does have an ending, such as a fairy tale.
  • 講一個沒有結局的故事讓小朋友自己去寫一個結局,這樣可以激發他們的批判式思維。這要求小朋友必須仔細閱讀然后發揮想象力去完成。
  • 你可以這樣問“你認為接下來會發生什么呢?”



(6)Practice the Socratic method | 聯系蘇格拉底法
  • Socrates was famous for teaching critical thinking through questioning. Children are already naturals at questioning, so turn the tables a little and question them back. Take an opposite position and try to get them to defend their opinions on a topic by asking pointed questions.
  • 蘇格拉底非常著名的就是批判式思維的提問。小朋友天生很喜歡提問,所以轉變一下換做你來問他們。站在他們對立的角度讓他們自己捍衛自己的觀點。





Now that you have learned some of the tips to teach your child critical thinking skills, there is another question that arises:

Are you, as a parent, a good enough critical thinker to properly train your child?

現在你應該學會了一些教小朋友批判式思維的方法,不過出現了一個新的問題:

作為一個家長,你是一名合格的批判式思維者去訓練你的小朋友嗎?

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 樓主| 紐約客少兒英語 發表于 2016-10-12 14:49:25 | 只看該作者
專注解決孩子英語學習問題,關注孩童創新思維教育。微信:teacher_wang111

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